RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN GENERAL INTELLIGENCE, WORKING MEMORY AND PLANNING
V.I. Ismatullina1, I.A. Voronin1, I.M. Zakharov1, A.P. Belova1, A.V. Budakova2
1 Psychological Institute of RAE, Moscow;
2 National Research Tomsk State University, Tomsk
This article analyzes the relationship between general intelligence, working memory and planning ability. The study used a computerized battery of tests CANTAB to assess working memory and planning. Intelligence was measured using Raven's Progressive Matrices. It was shown that the efficiency in planning is associated with productivity in performing the spatial tasks, after control for intelligence. Intelligence, in turn, was significantly associated with both efficiency in planning and efficiency of working memory. Further research is needed to confirm the associations at the genotypic level.
Keywords: general intelligence, working memory, planning, phenotypic communication, adolescents, genetic analysis.