THE RELATIONSHIP OF «BIG FIVE» PERSONALITY TRAITS AND NON-VERBAL INTELLIGENCE AT HIGH SCHOOL AGE
Psychological Institute of RAE, Moscow
Psychological Institute of RAE, Moscow, Russia
The paper describes the results of the study of the relationship of personality traits and intelligence in Russian high school students. The study focused on the «Big Five» personality traits – «Neuroticism», «Extraversion», «Openness to Experience», «Agreeableness» and «Conscientiousness» – and the structure of their relationships with non-verbal intelligence, as measured by the test «Standard Progressive Matrices». Among the analyzed personality traits statistically significant correlations were only found between the non-verbal intelligence and «Openness». The results are interpreted in the context of the theory of investment, suggesting that personality traits can «promote» the formation of individual differences in intelligence.
Keywords: personality traits, «Big Five», non-verbal intelligence, correlation, high school age.