PSYCHOSOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF OLDER PEOPLE WHO LIVED THROUGH THE SIEGE OF LENINGRAD
A.Y. Pavlova1, O.P. Rotar'2, E.A. Dubinina1, 3, E.V. Moguchaya2, A.N. Alehin1, A.O. Konradi2
1 A.I. Herzen Russian State Pedagogical University, 2 Northwestern Federal Medical Research Center, 3 V.M. Bekhterev Research Institute, St. Petersburg
The study involved 175 respondents aged 73 to 84 years old, who survived the siege of Leningrad in their childhood (3 years and older). The control group consisted of 40 respondents – residents of St. Petersburg, who live in other cities and regions of the USSR during the siege. The study revealed that the siege survivors experienced more restrictions in the freedom of life choices, as well as a greater deficit in relationships, which could give them a sense of trust, common interests and values.
Keywords: personality development, psychological trauma, meaning of life, social support.