SHORT-TERM VISUAL MEMORY: PHENOMENOLOGY AND MECHANISMS
I.M. Zakharov, V.I. Ismatullina, S.B. Malykh
Psychological Institute RAE, Moscow
This review analyzes the current state of research in the field of short-term visual memory. Despite the large amount of experimental work to date their theoretical understanding is virtually absent. Investigating visual memory is particularly interesting due to the fact that it contributes to a broader understanding of the mechanisms of memory in general. The paper discusses the history of studies of visual memory, the modern idea of the underlying psychophysical and neurophysiological mechanisms, as well as individual differences and the functioning of visual memory in subjects in various experiments. The results of experiments using the twin method and the method CANTAB are analyzed. We also discuss clinical aspects associated with impaired visual memory.
Keywords: short-term visual memory, mechanisms, psychophysics, neurophysiology, clinical aspects.