SEX DIFFERENCES IN THE RELATIONSHIP OF «BIG FIVE» PERSONALITY TRAITS AND INTELLIGENCE
S.B. Malykh, I.A. Voronin, V.I. Ismatullina, I.M. Zakharov, T.N. Tikhomirova
Psychological Institute of RAE, Moscow
The article presents the results of a pilot study on the relationship of personality traits and intelligence in Russian high school students. The study involved 147 Russian high school students, including 83 girls (56.5%) and 64 boys (43.5%). The average age was 15.84±1.05 years. The study focused on the personality traits of the «Big Five» – «Neuroticism», «Extraversion», «Openness», «Agreeableness» and «Conscientiousness» – and the structure of their association with non-verbal intelligence, as measured by the test «Standard Progressive Matrices». Statistically significant correlations were found between the personality trait «Openness» and intelligence only on a sample of girls. Similarities and differences in the structure of personality in boys and girls were found. The results are interpreted in the context of socio-cultural explanatory category.
Keywords: personality traits, intelligence, relationship, «Big Five», sex differences.