THE ROLE OF GENETIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IN PLANNING ABILITY IN ADOLESCENTS
V.I. Ismatullina, A.P. Belova, I.A. Voronin, S.B. Malykh
Psychological Institute RAE, Moscow
The article discusses the results of the contribution of genetic and environmental factors in the planning ability in adolescence. Planning is an essential component of behavior control and its violation may result in impairment in cognitive and personal spheres and affect teenagers’ success in adaptation to society. It is necessary for the correction of their own actions, as well as the ability to respond to changing external circumstances during decision making. The main objective of the study was to define the role of genetic and environmental factors in the formation of individual differences in planning. The study used an experimental diagnostic test «Cambridge stocking» from an automated battery of neuropsychological tests (CANTAB). The study sample included 306 adolescents (153 twin pairs) aged 10–17 years. The analysis revealed that the planning parameters are influenced by both hereditary and environmental factors. Indicators which are largely influenced by environment can be identified that, in tur, allows creating an educational program aimed at development of the planning ability in adolescence.
Keywords: types of planning, adolescents, automated battery of neuropsychological tests CANTAB.