QUALITY OF LIFE AS AN INTERDISCIPLINARY PROBLEM: THEORETICAL APPROACHES AND DIAGNOSTICS OF THE QUALITY OF LIFE IN PSYCHOLOGY, SOCIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
Department of Psychology, NRU – Higher School of Economics, Moscow
The article discusses the methodological difficulties and historical studies of quality of life in various sciences: psychology, sociology, economics and medicine. Compares the different approaches to the definition, structure, and the diagnosis of the quality of life and psychometric requirements for diagnostic tools specific to different sciences. Based on a review of theoretical concepts and empirical data, there are three ways to the development of ideas about the quality of life, to take account of its interdisciplinary nature: the orientation of the researchers on the clarity of definitions and elaboration of common terminology, taking into account the practical requirements, the emphasis on interdisciplinary research, the use of diagnostic tools developed in different sciences.
Keywords: quality of life, indicators of quality of life, subjective well-being, interdisciplinary research, requirements for psychometric characteristics.