Adolescent substance use: factors of immediate environment and their interaction
O.A. Akhmetova, E.R. Slobodskaya
Institute of Physiology, Siberian Branch of RAMS, Novosibirsk
In a sample of 993 adolescents on two respondent groups (childs – parents) individuals studied the effect of immediate environment – family and friends, as well as their interaction – on the use of psychoactive substances. Behavior of friends was a bigger factor than family characteristics. Established that family factors, in addition to a direct effect, changed the power relationship between the behavior of adolescents and their friends. Family cohesion, appropriate parenting practices and control reduced the negative influence of peers on substance use. Prevention should be primarily aimed at established and substantial risk and protective factors.
Keywords: substance users, adolescents, family, friends, the interaction of factors.